Utilization of alternative fuels in substitute fuel, cement and coal-fired power plants in Germany
© Wasteconsult international (5/2015)
High costs for fossil fuels and climate protection cause a higher importance of coincineration of alternative fuels in cement plants and coal-fired power plants. As alternative fuels various waste based materials are used, for example used wood, waste oil or (treated) industrial, trade and municipal wastes. The use is limited especially due to plant technology and legal emission standards. These aspects have a high influence on the markets for co-incineration in coal-fired power plants and cement plants. The following article will provide an overview of the status quo of the mentioned markets and ist developments until 2020.

“What’s in a Smell?”
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (8/2013)
This article examines the odorisation process of biomethane before it is injected into the natural gas grid in the Netherlands. Odorisation of biomethane is accompanied with risks and inadequate odorisation might have substantial legal and physical consequences. This article attempts to address one of the technical risks related to the odorisation of biomethane, which is the odor masking due to a trace component in the biomethane. Furthermore, this article investigates the liability and responsibility with regards to this odor masking in the light of the European Union’s Product Safety Directive. It can be concluded that it remains unclear who can be held responsible if the biogas producer is not the one who injects the biomethane into the gas grid (biomethane injector). Moreover, the European product liability regime does not cover all aspects in case damages occur due to inadequately odorised biomethane.

Social Acceptance and the Development of the North Sea Offshore Grid
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (8/2013)
This article considers social acceptance and the development of marine renewable energy and grid infrastructure for a sustainable, secure, and competitive European energy future. The North Seas Countries Offshore Grid Initiative and the European Union’s Regulation on Guidelines for Trans-European Energy Infrastructure are considered in this respect. Declarations and recent marine initiatives of the Renewables- Grid-Initiative are examined to determine how they might support the development of greater social acceptance for marine grid infrastructure for the northern seas of Europe. Finally, recommendations are made for a regulatory framework to support the development of social acceptance for offshore grid infrastructure in these seas.

3. Other Forms of Energy, EQF 3 Premium
© AIRE (Adapting and installing an international vocational training for renewable energy) (1/2012)
Which knowledge, skills and competences does an AIRE specialist need as far as usual forms of energy are concerned?

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