Plastics Recycling and Energy Recovery Activities in Poland – Current Status and Development Prospects –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
The waste disposal system in Poland is one of the least advanced in Europe. Despite great efforts over the last 20 years municipal waste landfilling has only reduced from 95 percent in 1991 to 73 percent in 2010. This still means that millions of tonnes of post-consumer waste continue to be landfilled.

Fully Automated Sorting Plant for Municipal Solid Waste in Oslo with Recovery of Metals, Plastics, Paper and Refuse Derived Fuel
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
In order to treat household waste Romerike Avfallsforedling (ROAF) located in Skedsmorkorset north of Oslo, Norway required the installation of a mechanical Treatment facility to process 40,000 tpa. Together with a Norwegian based technical consultancy Mepex and German based technical consultancy EUG the project was tendered and the plant build against a technical specification. In 2013 the project was awarded to Stadler Anlagenbau and since April 2014 the plant is in operation with an hourly throughput of thirty tons. The input waste contains specific green coloured bags containing food waste which is collected together with the residual waste from the households. The process recovers successfully the green food bags before the remaining waste is mechanically pre-treated and screened to isolate a polymer rich fraction which is then fully segregated via NIR technology in to target polymers prior to fully automated product baling. Recoverable Fibre is optically targeted as well as ferrous and non-ferrous metals. All food waste is transported off site for further biological treatment and the remaining residual waste leaves site for thermal recovery. In 2015 the plant has been successfully upgraded to forty tons per hour and remains fully automated including material baling.

bifa Text No. 64: Hygienically optimised collection of biowastes with ecovio biowaste bags
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (7/2014)
In the bifa Text No 64, the collection of biowaste without biowaste bags was compared to collection in paper bags, PE bags and biowaste bags made of the compostable plastic ecovio.

Material Recycling of Mixed Commercial Waste in Austria
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2011)
Rising greenhouse gas emissions, the careless handling of finite energy and raw material resources and the lavish use of limited landfill space require a rethinking, not only on the production and consumption sector, but also in terms of waste management.

Recovery of Recyclables from Municipal Solid Waste
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2011)
Municipal solid waste is a source for recycables also in times of comprehensive source separation with separate collecting systems. Plastic is one example for the household sourced recycables that can be recovered both from the selective collected and the mixed waste streams. The determination of the recycable potentials always is difficult.

Status and prospects of treatment technology for material and energy recovery from commercial solid waste
© Wasteconsult international (5/2011)
A research project on behalf of the Federal Office for Environmental Protection aims to assess the quantity, the management and the aspects of resource preservation of commercial solid wastes.

“Future is not an extrapolation of the past” (CK Prahalad) – The way to global resource management
© Wasteconsult international (6/2010)
Based on own Prognos analyses the article shows the so far achieved recovery rates for selected waste streams within the 27 EU member states as well as the still existing resource potential - a potential that can also contribute significantly to climate protection. Looking back from the future the article describes the major challenges of our time and for our future and develops visions for a global resource management system.

Reduce; re-use; recycle – a global necessity
© Wasteconsult international (6/2010)
The approaching exhaustion of many raw materials and expanding demand for resources due to fast growth of word population and increasing prosperity in many developing countries are a challenge for the world economy and will become a driving factor for enhanced waste treatment / material recovery technology. Quantity and quality of recovered resources from residual waste depend on the kind of waste treatment. Mechanical-biological treatment (MBT) and incineration are the dominant treatment technologies for residual waste and have to prove their feasibility for sustainable waste and resource management.

"At first, they just smiled at us": PVC window recycling pays off
© Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) (6/2010)
Apparently, recycling worn out PVC windows and doors pays off - at least for Veka Umwelttechnik GmbH. The eastern German company recently put its second recycling line into operation and is considered a specialist in the window recycling industry.

End of waste: The mechanism set forth by the Waste Directive 2008/98/EC
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (7/2009)
Identifying the moment at which waste ceases to be waste and once again acquires the status of a product is far from being a merely theoretical question. From a legal point of view, significant consequences can ensue from the qualification of a substance or object in relation to the applicable legislation for its management and treatment. An incorrect evaluation of the applicable legislation can lead not only to consequences of an administrative but also of a criminal nature. The consequences may also be significant from an economic perspective. The holder of a substance or object, which does not qualify as a product but as waste, must withstand all the negative consequences deriving from the fact that, compared to a product, waste is much less attractive to the market.

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