Brave New World – Selected Jurisdictional Pitfalls when Acting on International Waste-to-Energy Projects
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Over the last few years, Waste-to-Energy (WtE) projects became increasingly international. In times of low interest rates, solid infrastructure projects with their fix return rates are more and more attractive to project developers, international investors as well as EPC and O&M contractors. They attract financial and strategic investors which would otherwise not turn towards these rather long-term investments. Therefore, a continuously increasing number of international players from different jurisdictions is entering the global playing field.

Wrong Tracks in Waste Management
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Waste Management is ubiquitous in our everyday life. Economic prosperity and the abundance of materialistic goods imply the generation of waste. In parallel the public awareness for environmentally sound solutions in the field of waste management is raising. This context imposes challenging conditions for political leaders. Often politicians are confronted to take decisions about concepts or investments in waste management without independent expertise. They are approached by vendors of waste treatment technologies or concepts, claiming high environmental and energetic performance, combined with profitable cost – benefit rates.

Development of Waste-to-Energy Projects
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
The first objective of waste management must always be to protect society and the health of individuals from harmful substances contained in the waste. Along the various methods around the globe with which waste has been treated the waste pyramid or waste management hierarchy has become widely accepted as the governing principle for waste management in modern societies. These principles have also been integrated in the European waste framework directive 2008/98/EC. At the bottom of the pyramid lays disposal of waste, meaning it is the least favourable option to treat a primary waste. However this does not mean implementing the waste pyramid prohibits disposal. It merely means that before disposal all other meaningful options are exhausted, and the quantity has been minimized.

Steel Slag Asphalt: Preventing the Waste of a High Quality Resource
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2014)
Steel slag is the inevitable by-product of the production of steel, from both the conversion of iron to steel and the recycling of steel scrap. Historically, this material has been sent to a landfill as waste, but over the last 100 years or so, a variety of uses have been found for what has proven to be a high quality, valuable resource.

Recycling Concepts for Photovoltaic Modules
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2014)
In the fi eld of renewable energies photovoltaic-technologies become more and more important. Therefore an increase of end of life panels can be expected in the next few years depending on the durability of the modules.

Framework Requirements for Harmonising Food Waste Monitoring
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2014)
The overall problem when comparing food waste data is the lack of a common food waste Definition as well as different methodological approaches in use for quantifying food waste throughout the food supply chain (FSC). Both challenges are targeted by the FP7-funded project FUSIONS which runs between years 2012-2016.

SolidWasteSim – Simulation of Solid Waste Treatment
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2014)
A critical analysis of mechanical processes in waste treatment plants hints at vulnerable spots in the interaction of plant units and deployed heterogeneous materials. The Simulation of mechanical processes in waste treatment may depict the total material flow in a plant and as such, contribute to a better understanding of the behaviour in heterogeneous materials, to identify bottlenecks, to check plant modifi cations and hence, to support planning and reducing time for implementation period.

A regional and source-oriented approach of organic waste management - A feasibility study for composting on Bonaire, C/N
© DGAW - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Abfallwirtschaft e.V. (3/2014)
This study investigated the feasibility of turning organic waste from food ‘FW’, vegetation ‘VW’, and sludge ‘SS’ into compost suitable for soil improvement purposes under the prevailing conditions on Bonaire. The research consisted of waste flow inventories, organic substrate characterizations, composting experiments, soil investigations, and the assessment of consequential environmental and financial impacts.

Effect of operating Parameters during compost stability Respiration activity tests
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2012)
The goal of this work was to assess the effect of various operating parameters (sample size, temperature, air flowrate)during static and dynamic respiration activity tests that are used to assess compost stability. The material used in allexperiments was a MSW compost derived from a commingled MSW composting facility in Athens, Greece. Thefacility receives raw commingled MSW that go through several pre-processing steps, an active in-vessel compostingstep of 18 hr and 6 weeks and a final curing period of 5-6 weeks. Further Authors: D. Kanellos - Democritus University of Thrace C. Kletsas - Democritus University of Thrace

Waste management development in South-West Hungary the Mecsek-Drava Project
© NMC Ltd. (10/2011)
The Mecsek-Drava waste management project is the largest waste management development of Hungary. The project budget amounts to €68 million and the project includes 313 municipalities in South-West Hungary. The project was initiated in 2003 and still in implementation phase.

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