Characteristics of Treated Waste from European and Southeast Asian Cities
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2010)
An understanding of mechanically and biologically treated waste characteristics can lead to an optimization of the Mechanical and Biological Treatment (MBT) technology. For a sustainable waste management, it is essential to determine the characteristics of the final MBT waste, the effectiveness of the treatment system as well as the potential application of the final material regarding future utilization.

Estimating and forecasting on the production values of recycling waste containers in Taiwan
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Recycling waste containers is a global issue for environmental protection, while production value is one of the indicators to measure the economic efficiency for the recycling. This study conducts regression and time series analysis, and integrates ratio estimation with input-output table to provide an alternative way to forecast production values step by step.

Willingness to pay for financing electronic waste recycling in Greece
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
The paper examines Greek households’ willingness to pay (WTP) for recycling electronic waste, in particular obsolete IT equipment. More specifically, it presents the results of a telephone survey, which was conducted in Attica Region. The survey highlights the importance of recycling convenience and provides answers to critical pieces of information in order to implement effective recycling policies for e-waste.

IS IT REALLY CLEAN? THE LATEST SERVICE METHODOLOGY FOR WASTE COLLECTION AND CLEANING IN INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Historically in South Africa informal settlements were not recognized as a part of society requiring consideration in provision of service delivery. There was no water provided, no toilets and certainly no acceptable waste removal or cleaning. Today all informal settlements, whether private land invasions or on public land, are recognized and residents are accepted as citizens of Cape Town and, as such, entitled to receive services which include refuse collection and cleaning.

ASSESSEMENT OF WASTE OPERATORS PERFOMANCE: THE PORTUGUESE CASE
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The activities of public water supply, waste water treatment and urban solid waste management are public services of a structural nature essential to general well-being, public health and the collective security of communities and businesses and environmental protection. These services should be governed by the principles of universal access, service continuity and quality, and price efficiency and equity. In the cases of public water supply and waste water treatment in particular, these services are natural local or regional monopolies, which requires a form of regulation that overcomes the absence of the self-regulation mechanisms that characterise competitive markets. In the absence of regulation, there are no incentives for operators to improve their efficiency and there is a risk of operators’ interests prevailing over those of users, with the risk that users will receive lower quality services at higher prices.

COMPARISON OF TOTAL WASTE FLOW FROM HOUSEHOLDS IN 35 SWEDISH MUNICIPALITIES
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Since the Ordinance on Producer Responsibility for Packaging Materials was introduced in Sweden (SFS, 1993; SFS, 1994a; SFS, 1994b), the recycling efforts concerning household waste have been extended and intensified. A large number of different waste sorting programs have been developed locally. The responsibility for collection and recycling is divided between local authorities and producers, which has led to a shattered picture of the waste management strategies, and a rather complex task of evaluating the overall results.

Model of Cooperation: Abfallwirtschaftsgesellschaft des Neckar-Odenwald-Kreises mbH (AWN) with Huitong Road and Bridge Construction Co., Ltd. PR China
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (9/2006)
The Abfallwirtschaftsgesellschaft des Neckar-Odenwald-Kreises mbH (AWN) is one subsidiary company of Neckar-Odenwald district.

Total costs of ownership - a comparison between incineration plant and landfill placed in the metropolian area of Sao Paulo
© Technical Co-Operation Project Bavaria-Sao Paulo (6/2006)
Lecture to the study which offers a decision support for executives, who compare in a draft both systems according to the method of Total Costs of Ownership (TCO), regarding the total life time and including the aftercare of landfill.

The new generation passed the test - Remote Monitoring in Cathodic Protection
© Vulkan-Verlag GmbH (7/2004)
Today’s requirement for remote monitoring in cathodic protection systems are as versatile as unique: Connection to a CP system requires a whole range of input parameters and key indices.

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