Recycling Concepts for Photovoltaic Modules
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2014)
In the fi eld of renewable energies photovoltaic-technologies become more and more important. Therefore an increase of end of life panels can be expected in the next few years depending on the durability of the modules.

Climate Protection - opportunity to ensure financial sustainability of solid waste management in developing countries
© Eigenbeiträge der Autoren (12/2013)
The vast majority of solid waste management (SWM) projects implemented in developing, emerging and transition countries (DETC) envisage the disposal of residual waste on a sanitary landfill. This approach leads in most cases to an increase of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. By implementing advanced SWM systems DETC could lower their national greenhouse gas balance by 10-15%.

Financing Solid Waste Management in Europe: EIB Approach
© NMC Ltd. (10/2011)
1. The European Investment Bank 2. EIB and the Environmental Sustainability 3. SWM: Policy and Drivers 4. SWM and Landfill Directive 5. SWM: Economic Value 6. SWM: Main Challenges 7. SWM: EIB´s Responses

Low-Cost-Techniques of Intensive Biodegradation and Maturation
© Wasteconsult international (6/2009)
Techniques for mechanical-biological treatment of solid fraction of household waste taking their seats in the waste management business of many countries. MBT facilities working as a complement or as a low cost option for incineration facilities. Further on there is still a large demand for many MBT facilities to improve the aerobic biological treatment process, to reduce operation costs and to increase reliability. With the help of some examples the possibilities to improve existing facilities will be shown and technical solutions for planning and construction of new facilities will be discussed. Keywords: MBT, aerobic treatment, composting, maturation, optimization, operating cost 1 Introduction 1.1 MBT – Current status and perspectives 1.2 Optimising potential 2 Optimising potential in aerobic treatment 2.1 The biodegradation process – Everything under control 2.2 The input material – flexibility counts 2.3 The financials – Efficient application of technology 2.4 Practical experience - Examples 2.4.1 MBT Cröbern 2.4.2 MBT Rosenow 2.4.3 MBT Schwanebeck 2.4.4 Dynamic tunnel composting – a pilot scheme 3 Summary

PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP SOLUTIONS TO WASTE MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN AFRICA
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
In a number of instances the waste management services in major cities across Africa is either in a limited state of operation, or has stopped almost completely due to various reasons. One of the main challenges facing these cities is to start providing such services again, or to substantially improve the existing services, but within the realities of limited technical and/or financial resources or institutional capacity. One of the possible solutions to this problem which has been identified by a number of municipalities, and which either has been implemented, or is being considered, is the use of Public Private Partnership contractual arrangement with private contractors as a means of addressing the waste management service delivery.

THE EFFECTS OF LOCAL CULTURAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FEATURES ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND VIETNAM
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Solid waste management is a major responsibility of local governments. It is a difficult task because it depends upon organization and cooperation between households, communities, private enterprises, and municipal authorities. It is also dependent upon the selection and application of appropriate technical solutions for waste collection, transfer, recycling and disposal. Waste management has important consequences for public health and well-being, and the quality and sustainability of the urban environment. Unfortunately, waste management services in many developing countries are inadequate; a large part of the population does not have access to a waste collection service and only a small fraction of the generated waste is actually collected.

PLAN FOR THE SUSTAINABLE TREATMENT AND FINAL DISPOSAL OF URBAN SOLID WASTE IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED DISTRICTS IN THE NORTH-EASTERN REGION OF BRAZIL
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
This work presents the study of alternative technologies and economic viability developed for the grouping of the regions of Carpina, Lagoa do Carro, Lagoa do Itaenga and Tracunhaém, known as Lot 3, which has it regional base in Carpina. The current solid waste management systems of the Mata Zone of the State of Pernambuco are in a seriously precarious state, with most of the final disposal taking place in open dumps. Due to this, this work has as its prime objective, the identification of areas where new systems can be established, the provision of the necessary technological procedures and the analysis of the technical and economic viability of a management system of shared public cleaning.

WASTE MANAGEMENT LEGISLATION IN SERBIA – CASE STUDY OF KOLUBARA DISTRICT
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Republic of Serbia is a West Balkan country, situtated in the South-east Europe at the crossroads between Western and Central Europe and the Near East. European road corridor No. 10 and navigable inland corridor No. 7 transverse Serbia. Territory of 88.361 square kilometers consists of two autonomous provincies - Vojvodina (21.506 km2) and Kosovo and Metohija (11.000 km2) – and Central part of Serbia (56 000 km2). Population in Serbia is app. 8.5 million inhabitants; the capital and the biggest city is Belgrade (1.6 million). There are 29 Districts/Regions in Serbia and 190 Municipalities.

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN REGIONS: TRENDS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Improving Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management services in developing regions of the world is one the major challenges of sustainable urban development. As part of its commitment to help these regions in this effort, the World Bank commissioned a study in 2006 to review and rationalize the current state of municipal solid waste management in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) regions, and to recommend actions leading to improvements and greater private sector participation/investment.

RECYCLING CENTRES FOR CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION WASTES IN BRAZIL: A STUDY CASE FOR THE CITY OF RIO DE JANEIRO
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Only eleven (0.2%) of the 5,507 Brazilian municipalities have C&D waste recycling centres. Thirteen centres (seven in operation, one restarting its operation and five have shut down) are stationary plants and recycle part of the C&D waste produced in local communities. It can, therefore, be concluded that a large part of this waste is not recycled in Brazil. Nonetheless, this situation is changing. Since the publication of CONAMA (Brazilian Environmental Protection Agency) Resolution no. 307 in 2002, all Brazilian local governments are obliged to prepare and adopt strategies for sustainable management of C&D waste (MMA, 2002). In the justifications for this resolution, mention was made of the feasibility of the production and use of C&D waste materials. However, there has been relatively little research in Brazil to prove the technical and economic viability of C&D waste recycling centres.

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