Required Drivers for Resource Efficiency in Waste Management
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2014)
Waste is often referred to as a resource in the wrong place. The Austrian Waste Management is among the pioneers in the use of this resource worldwide.

Asessment of the suitability of alternative landfill daily cover materials
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Landfills have been utilised by many cultures and societies as an acceptable solution to municipal and more recently commercial waste management. The objective of this study was to assess the suitability of a selection of waste materials as landfill cover with regards to odour abatement, drainage, and trafficability. The research focused on assessing the suitability of three potential cover materials: Construction & Demolition fines (C&D), Commercial & Industrial fines (C&I) and woodchip.

WATER AND LEACHATE MANAGEMENT AT A SANITARY LANDFILL IN EXTREME TROPICAL CONDITIONS, KUCHING, SARAWAK, MALAYSIA
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Kuching Integrated Waste Management Park (KIWMP) is located in the state of Sarawak, Malaysia. It has three main components; sanitary landfill, secure landfill and a hazardous waste incinerator. This site was identified after an intensive geographical and geological research was carried out. The total area covers 112 ha. Both sanitary and secure landfill were constructed section by section using TRISOPLAST as the base liner which is a highly impermeable and in many respects, a liner of superior to conventional liner systems. This seems fit to the requirement of this “fast track” project which was completed on 30th October 2004. In 2005 at the 19th Sardinia Symposium a presentation about the Park in general has already been given (Damiecki et al, 2005). This presentation will focus on the water and leachate management system.

WASTE MANAGEMENT AND COUNTERMEASURES OF EARTHQUAKE DISASTER IN KOBE CITY JAPAN
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The Hanshin Awaji Earthquake stroked on 17th January 1995 at Kansai Region of Honshu Island in Japan. Kobe city had the biggest damage in this earthquake. Duaring these twelve years, several big earthquakes struck Japan such as Niigata, Fukuoka and Noto peninsula. So, experiences and knowledge of Great Hanshin Awaji earthquake are in the spotlight again. Because still it is not fully put those experiences and/or knowledge to preparation for future disaster. The authors were taken part of the disaster waste management of the earthquake in Kobe city as a consultant. The purpose of this study is to contribute future disaster waste management and countermeasures, though our experience and analysis

DECISION SUPPORT TOOL FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF DEBRIS FROM HOMELAND SECURITY INCIDENTS
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Pollution incidents of national significance can be caused by industrial accidents; natural disasters such as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes, terrorist attacks; weapons of mass destruction; and disease outbreaks impacting the safety of the U.S. food supply. These incidents require an integrated response from federal, state, and local government. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has updated the National Response Plan (NRP) and the National Incident Management System for responding to Homeland Security incidents of national significance. Within the NRP, the DHS has identified 15 National Planning Scenarios that every federal, state and local emergency response agency is to create emergency plans for. Each of these 15 scenarios involves decontamination and disposal of contaminated material.

THE DISASTER OF THE GOETTINGENDEIDERODE MBP/MBT PLANT
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
On Saturday, 21st of January 2006, at approx. 5.30 h, an accident occurred in the South-Lower Saxony mechanical-biological waste pre-treatment plant (MBP/T) of the Abfallzweckverband Südniedersachsen in Deiderode near Göttingen, involving heavy damage. The MBT consists of a mechanical part where predominantly the shredding, screening and classification of household and household-type waste takes place and of a biological part where the organic components of the waste are fermented. Via two CHP units, the obtained gas should be converted into electricity. At the time of the accident, the MBT was in the phase of so-called partial start-ups, carried out by the main contractor, AMB Vertriebs GmbH from Bremen, Germany.

ASSESSMENT OF MBT-WASTE - A NEW APPROACH TO AVOID FAILURES BY MEASURING RESPIRATION ACTIVITY
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The Austrian Landfill Ordinance regulates limit values for Respiration Activity (= “Atmungsaktivität”) RA4 (AT4) < 7 mg O2/g DM, Gas Generation Sum GS21 < 20 Nl/kg DM and alternatively Gas Evolution (= “Gasbildung”) GB21 < 20 Nl/kg DM). In 2004 Austrian Standards for these parameters were established (OE-NORM S2027-1to3). Research at the Institute of Waste Management, BOKU-University Vienna (=ABF-BOKU), has demonstrated a good correlation between GS21 and AT4. The correlation coefficient for 70 samples (dark squares) is r = 0.94 (Figure 1). Nevertheless in Austria to assess the quality of MBT-output, both Respiration Activity plus Gas Generation Sum (or Gas Evolution) should be analyzed, because - as praxis showed – one of the biological tests sometimes show lower measured values caused by retardant conditions for the microbial community.

Woodlawn bioreactor - progress report on the world's largest bioreactor project
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The development and studies surrounding the Woodlawn Bioreactor have been presented in several papers at Sardinia. These include Hancock, S. et al (2001), Moreau-Le Golvan, Y. et al (2003 and 2005). Many other technical contributions have assisted the authors and these are referenced herein or in the above listed papers. This paper outlines the various technical challenges which have emerged in the operation of the Woodlawn Bioreactor and reviews aspects of the previous 18 months of operation. (Session A11: Biological treatment -anaerobic digestion (II))

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