Future Development of Waste Management in China According to the 13th Five-Year Plan
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Municipal solid waste (MSW) known as trash or garbage consists of food waste, paper, cardboard, plastics, PET, glass, textiles, metals, wood and leather, nappies, slug, ash, etc. are arising from human and animal activities. The rapid development and urbanization of China have resulted in an increasing volume of MSW. So the problem of MSW management has become a major social problem, but one the other hand, because of their intrinsic properties, MSW are often reusable and may be considered a resource for energy recovery. The delivering quantity of household waste averages 179 million tons in China, and the amount of untreated MSW over the years has reached 7 billion tons.

Overview of the Waste Management Situation and Planning in Greece
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Waste management has been recognized as one of the most pressing problems in Greece suffering of a low level of organization and relying predominantly on semi-controlled landfills until the end of the previous century [9]. Nevertheless improvements have been made during the last twenty years making the solid waste management in Greece a well-structured, organized and environmentally responsible activity with specific goals, mostly in the urban areas. However, there is a big need of changing the waste Management model. The development of efficient use of resources is the mean of realizing this vision. The transformation of the economy towards a resource-efficient direction will lead to increased competitiveness and new sources of growth and jobs through cost reduction through improved efficiency, commercialization of innovations and better management of resources throughout the duration of cycle life.

The Roadmap of Turkey on Waste Management
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
Industrial and technological developments have increased rapidly throughout the world including Turkey. Furthermore, the population of Turkey is also increasing and the ever-increasing consumption creates larger amounts of waste and adversely affects the environment and human health.

bifa Text No. 64: Hygienically optimised collection of biowastes with ecovio biowaste bags
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (7/2014)
In the bifa Text No 64, the collection of biowaste without biowaste bags was compared to collection in paper bags, PE bags and biowaste bags made of the compostable plastic ecovio.

Monitoring and Evaluation of waste prevention activities in Selected Groups
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2014)
According to Waste Framework Directive (directive 2008/98/EC), waste prevention are the measures taken before a substance, material or product has become waste, that reduce the quantity of waste, the adverse impacts of the generated waste on environmental and human health or the content of harmful substances.

Estimating household food waste in Denmark: case study of single family households
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2014)
Food waste prevention remains the first priority in the European Waste Framework Directive, which aimed to halve the amount of food wasted within the EU Member States by 2025. Thus, reliable data on food waste composition and quantity are crucial for assessing the current food waste situation and determine potential improvements.

Environmental assessment of waste prevention activities
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2014)
Waste prevention measures do not just aim at the reduction of waste; they also prevent the environmental impacts associated with the utilisation of resources during their entire life cycle. Thus, a key issue in waste prevention is its environmental assessment. Review of international literature reveals that the use of life cycle assessment is an established way for carrying out this kind of environmental assessments.

Development of a web-based support tool for waste prevention at local authority level
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2014)
The paper reports on the development of a novel web-based Decision Support Tool, the WASP Tool (acronym of the words Waste Prevention), that enables LAs to select and implement the optimum waste prevention programme for their local circumstances and prepare their Waste Prevention Plans. The tool has been developed in the context of the LIFE+ project “WASP Tool - Development and Demonstration of a Waste Prevention Tool for Local Authorities” – LIFE10 ENV/GR/622”) and specialises in the geographical area of Greece and Cyprus, with high potential to better reflect need of the Mediterranean space.

Development of Governmental Prevention Strategy. The case study of Cyprus
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2014)
The annual per capita production of waste in Cyprus is estimated at 468 Kg for residential areas and 670 Kg for tourist areas, while the total waste is estimated at the end of 2012 up to 630000t according to the official statistics. The Waste Prevention Strategy for Cyprus suggests that local authorities and policy makers should now put more emphasis on waste prevention and re-use, in order to achieve a reduction of disposal costs, CO2 emissions and a decrease in the demand for natural resources.

bifa-Text No. 62: Ecoefficiency analysis of photovoltaic modules / english version
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (2/2014)
The study by the bifa environmental institute describes a future-orientated view of the ecological and economic effects of photovoltaic (PV) systems along their whole life cycle.

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