Current Practices and Future Management Options of Medical Waste Management in Turkey
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Medical wastes constitute a larger portion of infectious wastes that are potentially dangerous since they contain pathogenic agents. While sustainable management of municipal solid waste, wastewater sludge and construction and demolition waste gain significant attention, medical waste has not attracted the same level of attention as other types of wastes, especially in developing countries. Therefore, medical waste management is still a critical issue in many countries due to ist potential environmental hazards and public health risks.

Pharmaceutical Waste Management in Ghana − Consequences and interventions
© DGAW - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Abfallwirtschaft e.V. (3/2012)
Pharmaceuticals are essential to the delivery of health care in any given population or country. They cut across all major areas of health care delivery and their absence or inadequate supply has always led to loss of confidence in the health care system (MOH, 2004a). The main goal of this research project is to assess the system of managing waste from pharmaceuticals in hospitals and homes in Ghana.

Healthcare Waste Management in Ghana-Case Study on Pharmaceutical Waste
© DGAW - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Abfallwirtschaft e.V. (6/2011)
In thousands of health careinstitutions and millions of homes in Ghana, medications are consumed on a daily basis. There is a growing concern in the medical and environmental communities regarding the currenth and lingand disposal methods for pharmaceutical wast and other wastes from hospitals.

Infectious Healthcare Waste – The METEKA Infection Prevention System
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2010)
Assessing the emerging risk of nosocomial infections (HCAI) with multi-resistant germs or viruses careful management of contaminated waste needs to get increased consideration. It is a main public health imperative and responsibility to manage the infectious health care waste (IHCW) in a risk-adapted and sustainable way.

Legal requirements and practice of the transport of healthcare waste within European Union
© Wasteconsult international (6/2010)
Transport of healthcare waste moves enormous quantities within European Union every year and is regulated by European and international legislation on the transport of hazardous goods, according to the classification established internationally by UNO. From a legal point of view, two international instruments have been incorporated in European Law to regulate this sector.

Improvement of hazardous waste management in Turkey through introduction of a web-based system for data collection and quality control
© Wasteconsult international (6/2010)
The Waste Framework Directive (WASTE FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE, 2008) specifies certain measures to ensure that waste is recovered or disposed of in accordance with Article 13, i.e. without endangering human health or harming the environment. Specific measures laid down in the WFD include the introduction and common use of appropriate classification systems (LoW: Art. 7; recovery and disposal codes: Annex I and II), the principle of producer responsibility (Art. 14, Art. 15), the issue of permits for waste treatment facilities (Art. 23), the drafting of waste management plans (Art. 28), the requirement that the actors of waste management shall be subject to appropriate periodic inspections (Art 34) and their obligation to keep records on their activities (Art. 35).

Hazardous waste classification and re-use (end of waste) by New Waste Directive, CLP and REACH Regulations
© Wasteconsult international (6/2010)
Hazardous waste’ means waste which displays one or more of the hazardous properties H. Attribution of the hazardous properties H is derived from risk phrases R coming from Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC. New CLP Regulation (repealing above Directives) in place of risk phrases R introduces hazard statements H. That means, that soon we will derive hazardous properties H (1 or 2-digit) from hazard statements H (3-digit) of it’s components.

Hospital in-house waste management and environmental impact
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
The treatment of waste material in Hospital Units (H.U.) is an important issue strongly related to both the environmental pollution and the control of the total expenditures by the side of the H.U. administrations.

Comparative study on anaerobic digestion of IBMW and co-digestion of IBMW with OFMSW
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (10/2008)
Batch studies on anaerobic digestion of Infectious Biomedical waste (IBMW) and co-digestion of IBMW with organic fractions of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) were carried out. Segregated IBMW were obtained from one of the hospitals in Coimbatore.

CYTOSTATIC EMISSIONS FROM HOSPITALS – CONSUMPTION AND DISPOSAL OF ANTICANCER DRUGS
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
In the last years, the therapeutic application of cytostatic agents has increased considerably due to the growing number of cancer incidences of 29.717 to 35.152 per year between 1983 and 2000 (Statistik Austria, 2004). Every third human in Austria is expected to suffer from cancer once in his lifetime.

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