Recycling of end of life vehicles
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
End of life vehicles is a new problem arrived in E.E. Many studies have shown that automobile manufacturing has increased last 20 years, with economic and environmental effects. The majority and these studies have shown new modes how to create environmental friendly cars with more and more parts that can be recycled. The basic aim of this study is to provide information toward the two approaches regarding recycling of end life vehicles. It brings out a brief of the European Directive (2000/53/E.E) and present nowadays targets with a future look to 2015 targets comprehending environmental and economic impacts. Finally, it shows up how to use recover material and as well recycle-reuse them.

Valorization of Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) in Italy
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
This work concerns the characterization of Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) samples coming from three industrial tests, each performed on 250 – 300 t of End of Life Vehicles (ELVs) in two different shredding plants. ASR samples underwent the following analyses: distribution of the different components (rubber, foam rubber, plastic, textile, metals and wires, glass and other materials) and their physical and chemical characterization (metals, water and oil contents, particlesize distribution, lower heating value - LHV, leaching test according to UNI 10802 procedure).

Results of the Twinning-project TR04/IB/EN/01 “Special Waste”
© Universität Stuttgart - ISWA (11/2008)
The project was carried out from November 2006 to May 2008 (30 months) and aimed at implementing four EC Directives in the field of Waste Oil, Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Terphenyls, End-of-Life Vehicles, and Used Batteries and Accumulators as well as at implementing the Commission Decision on a List of Wastes which constitutes the indispensable differentiation between hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Although the directives deal with very different issues, the link between them as a superior goal was the spirit of sustainable waste management and producer responsibility. The project was funded by the European Union.

© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Although recycling and recovery of ELV components are increasing the growing number of vehicles will give a further rise of ASR generated for years to come. Since the mid-1990’s there is, however, increased concern on how to handle this waste material and in European Countries that follow EU legislation and directives, important changes are being enforced by three directives: Directive 2000/53/EC on End-of-Life Vehicles, Directive 2000/76/EC on the Incineration of Waste and Directive 1999/31/EC on the Landfill of Waste. Some implications of these are limitations on what types of waste may be landfilled or incinerated (for example, car tyres may not be landfilled any longer within EU Member States), and especially on how ASR may be treated.



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