How to Optimize Recycling Rates Using Waste Incineration
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
The improvement of recycling and reuse of waste is becoming more and more important and it is generally preferred compared to waste incineration. In fact, the incineration of waste is often considered the last alternative when recycling of a certain waste fraction is technically not possible or there is simply no market for the corresponding fraction of the waste. But instead of considering waste incineration as being contradictory to recycling, it may also be considered as an alternative way to achieve higher recycling rates. The main goal of waste to energy is the use of the chemical energy contained in the carbon and drogen, and transfer this into thermal energy. But all other elements contained in the waste will of course also be found in the various residue streams leaving the plant. For these residue streams there are possibilities for further treatment, enabling Separation of certain elements, improvement of the quality of a residue stream to allow re-use on the market or even potential for the preparation of a new product.

Use of a Fabric Filter for the Sorption – What Has to be Considered? – Experiences and Solutions –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
In almost all flue gas cleaning systems installed at WtE-plants, the fabric filters are central components. A good example for this is the conditioned dry sorption process which is currently preferentially used in Europe. Within the filter not only the particles and the particulate heavy metals are separated from the gas flow, but also all reaction products resulting from the separation of gaseous pollutants such as HF, HCl, SOx, heavy metals and in this respect particularly Hg as well as PCDD/PCDF. In addition to this the fabric filter constitutes an excellent reaction chamber with high additive powder density in the filter cake.

When Science Meets Responsibility
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2014)
The Major Risks Commission and the L’Aquila Earthquake.

Risk and Crisis Communication Recommendations for Industry Based on Advances in Cognitive Behavioral Science Research
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2014)
Advances in cognitive behavioral science have enhanced the understanding and development of both internal and external company risk communications. The gold standard for risk communication is to ensure that normative analysis identifying the information most relevant to the specific choices facing recipients has been conducted prior to any communication effort. It is all too often that this standard is not met, and particularly within private sector organizations. Communication specialists within organizations are primarily tasked with information delivery, and do not have the resources or expertise to carry out the necessary risk perception research needed to ensure that communications are even being interpreted as intended,much less resulting in desirable decision-making and behavioral outcomes.

Scientific Expertise in Situations of Controversy: A Sociological Testimony
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2014)
While there is now a large amount of social science research on scientific expertise, testimonies made by sociologists who themselves participated in scientific expertise on a controversial topic remain rare. It is this type of feedback and testimony that this paper will articulate and discuss. The aim is to propose a series of reflections on scientific expertise from a personal experience: the participation of the author as a sociologist in an expert committee set up by the former French Agency for the Safety of Health, the Environment and Work (AFSSET) on the topic of radio-frequencies. Several problematic aspects of scientific expertise will thus be discussed from this concrete experience: the problem of the composition of the expert group and the issue of conflict of interest, the way in which the work of expertise is organized within the group, the effects of the presence of an observer from an association, and the differences between scientific work and scientific expertise.

bifa-Text No. 62: Ecoefficiency analysis of photovoltaic modules / english version
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (2/2014)
The study by the bifa environmental institute describes a future-orientated view of the ecological and economic effects of photovoltaic (PV) systems along their whole life cycle.

The Scope of Global Marketing Authorisations within the EU Legal Framework of Regulatory Data Protection for Reference Medicinal Products
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (9/2013)
Regulatory Data Protection (“RDP“) shelters research and development investments carried out by pharmaceutical companies, at a point where the term of a patent might be exceeded. During the RDP term the data generated as investment results of pre-clinical tests and of clinical trials of a medicinal product may not be referred to by generic competitors. Thus, it completes the patent protection and provides another incentive for further investments into the improvement and development of innovative medicinal products.

Paternalism and Health Law: Legal Promotion of a Healthy Lifestyle
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (9/2013)
Research in lifestyle risks is becoming more and more important, particularly with reference to what is generally known as “unhealthy diets”. The Law is now firmly established as a prominent instrument of Public Health. There are several distinctive methods of legal intervention targeted at counteracting overweight and promoting healthier lifestyles. In this paper we examine several measures that have been adopted and discuss whether Law should foster healthy diets. Our purpose is to examine the threats of falling into a paternalistic attitude when devising any regulatory intervention aimed at promoting a healthier lifestyle.

Regulating Geoengineering Research through Domestic Environmental Protection Frameworks: Reflections on the Recent Canadian Ocean Fertilization Case
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2013)
Field experiments related to the development of geoengineering technologies are now occurring in an increasing number of countries. Such projects are raising important questions about the adequacy of national environmental protection laws (EPLs) for regulating geoengineering activities, including their ability to enforce emerging international norms for geoengineering research.

Access to Environmental Information versus Protection of Confidential Business Information
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (5/2013)
Transparency of the work of EU institutions enables the administration to enjoy greater legitimacy. Aiming to further strengthening the principles of democracy in the EU, the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”) provides for public access to documents held by EU institutions in order to bring about greater openness in their work.

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