Measures to Implement an Advanced Waste Management System in the Czech Republic
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
The Czech Republic is now preparing the new complete revision of waste law. The transformation of the waste management into the circular economy started through the legislative process in June 2016. Waste management plan of the Czech Republic for 2015 to 2024 clearly specifies waste strategy and priorities for the country. Thus, in the Act on waste the ban on landfilling of recyclable and recoverable waste in 2024, obligatory separate collection of main municipal waste streams including biowaste since 2015 and currently proposed increase of waste landfilling tax with strict recycling targets already in 2018 are only the first milestones leading to smarter waste future in the Czech Republic.

The Added Value of the Balance Method for Waste-to-Energy Operators and National Authorities
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Different directives of the European Union may require operators of Waste to Energy WTE plants to monitor the composition of their waste feed with respect to the Content of biomass and fossil organic matter. The mass fractions of both materials are not only of relevance for the amount of fossil and thus climate relevant CO2 emissions of the plant, but also for the ratio of renewable energy generated, as biomass in wastes is considered as renewable energy source.

Identifying the factors influencing environmental attitudes and behaviors of rural population in Crete, Greece
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (6/2014)
Rural population affects local environment in a far more significant way that urban population affects the global one. The attention that has been given for the past decades in informing the rural population and changing their approach towards environmental protection is insignificant in comparison with the relevant efforts made for the urban population. As a result local environment is often facing a considerable and possible irreversible deterioration, mainly due to the way the relevant population conducts its daily practices.

How to Operate as Technology Provider and Contractor in the International EfW World
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
The classic main markets in Europe for EfW plants have come close to a point of saturation. Legislation and many efforts spent over the past years to introduce an environmentally friendly disposal of municipal solid waste resulted in a network of plants and capacities of which a major extension may not be expected anymore.

Acceptance and Realisation of Waste-to-Energy Projects - Communications of the Project Management with Politics and Concerned Persons
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
The real control over the success rate for building new EfW plants is not how well we communicate the technology to hosting communities, but their perception of the risk from that technology.

Development of Waste-to-Energy Projects
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
Waste-to-energy plants contribute substantially to achieve the goal of a reliable, sustainable and efficient disposal of waste. Recovery of energy and valuable material is an additional benefit. Before starting the technical elaboration, the non-technical questions have to be answered. They are strongly dependent on local boundary conditions. For the financial aspects some general hints are given as well as rules of thumbs. The technical evaluation bases on system analysis and comparison of operational, design, energetic and environmental criteria.

Waste Incineration in the 21st Century - Energy-Efficient and Climate-Friendly Recycling Plant and Pollutant Sink
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
The first waste incineeration plants in Europe were built in the middle of the 19th century. Hygiene played an important role, because plagues had again and again hit many countries, cost numerous lives.

Implementation of a Recovery System with Optimized Interfaces - The Total Plastic Concept
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
The German system for recovery of mixed dry recyclables has been established in the early 90s. It was installed to increase the recycling rates additional to the already existing system: the separate collection of papaer and glass.

Recovery of Recyclables from Municipal Solid Waste - Experiences from Poland and Cyprus
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
A high amount of recyclable materials is still landfilled in many European countries. Against this backdrop mixed municipal solid waste (MSW) was previously considered to be purely a residual waste stream, but now it is increasingly being looked at as a valuable source for recyclable fractions.

Plastic Waste Recovery in Spain - Overview of the Market and Applied Technologies
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
Plastic consumption in different Spanish industrial sectors was 2.840.000 tonnes in 2010 and generated approxomately 2.206.000 tonnes of plastic waste in 2010. About 23% of this waste was recycled and 17% recovered, being landfilled about 60% [2].

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