Social Inclusion, Environmental Sustainability, and Brazil’s National Biodiesel Production and Use Policy: The Critical Case of Agropalma
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2011)
This article examines Brazil’s National Biodiesel Production and Use Policy and its goals of social inclusion and environmental sustainability. This examination explores this transformative development policy through a case study of Agropalma, one of Brazil’s first biodiesel producers and the largest producer of palm oil in the country. Agropalma’s location in the Amazon and its demonstrated commitment to social inclusion and environmental sustainability make it a critical case for evaluating this ambitious development and renewable transportation fuel policy.

How Can China and India Serve as Models for Developing Nations Striving to Build Absorption Capacity for Renewable Energy Technologies?
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2011)
This article proposes that globalization has changed the framework of absorption capacity. Firms able to tap foreign expertise to develop their knowledge base can apply it to the three traditional absorption capacity factors: R&D, manufacturing, and technical training. Chinese and Indian firms have quietly become global leaders in wind energy production by tapping global and regional learning networks to enhance their absorptive capacity for wind technologies.

LABILE CARBON FRACTIONS OF DIFFERENT BIOCHAR TYPES AND THE EFFECT OF BIOCHAR ON THE NITROGEN CYCLE
© ANS e.V. HAWK (10/2011)
One of the gaps in biochar research is the understanding of biochar's short and longer term interactions with the nitrogen cycle, which will inevitably affect crop yields. Some potential effects of biochar on the N-cycle are linked with 1) mineralization of soil organic matter, 2) abiotic N-immobilization due to biochar's charge and high surface area and 3) biotic N-immobilization during respiration of the labile carbon fraction of biochar.

HTC AND BIOMASS IN GLOBAL CYCLES: ENERGY GENERATION OR CARBON SEQUESTRATION
© ANS e.V. HAWK (10/2011)
Low value biomass, e.g. from wastestream or agricultural side products, is a potentially very valuable raw material source. For that, the process of hydrothermal carbonization can be used as a material and energetic densification, but also unification technology. As the resulting products bind carbon from natural, regrowing resources, they potentially influence the CO2-balance sheet in a negative fashion. It will be discussed how such novel usage cascades can contribute to energy/materials generation or CO2-sequestration schemes.

Development of Renewable Energy in India: Role and Effectiveness of Electricity Regulators
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (9/2011)
India has been making efforts to harness renewable energy to meet concerns related to energy security, energy access and climate change. However, these national level objectives can only be met if the regulatory framework for RE and the institutional environment in the electricity sector are conducive. Electricity regulators, who are responsible for catalyzing the development and deployment of RE, have taken several measures, but they have not yet been effective in achieving the desired outcome. They have also not been successful in addressing some of the larger issues pertaining to the electricity sector as a whole that have an important bearing on the development of RE. The fact that regulators operate in an institutional setting that provides few incentives to effectively develop RE has further weakened their efforts.

Characterization of decentralized biogas technology in China and review of the applicability to other regions in Africa and Latin America
© DGAW - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Abfallwirtschaft e.V. (6/2011)
Scarcity of Energy and high pollution from conventional energy are becoming the biggest problem worldwide. On the other hand, untreated organic wastes in many developing countries will cause serious hygienic problems and environmental damage. To ensure a sustainable energy supply and protect the environment and the climate, it is necessary to look for alternate ways of energy source.

The “Glorious Mess” Comes to Court
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2010)
Following the Second Circuit’s decision in Connecticut v. AEP, federal courts – not Congress – may be the first to decide the tough legal and policy questions implicated by global pollution problems. This article examines practical implications of litigating climate change nuisance cases, focusing on two of the more difficult issues that a trial court may face in adjudicating responsibility for climate change – impleading of responsible parties and determining whether carbon-emitting conduct is an unreasonable interference under existing nuisance law. Not only are these issues novel and complex and likely to lead to expensive and unwieldy litigation, but they also underscore the notion that addressing climate change raise policy laden questions best reserved to the elected branches of government.

The SEC’s Interpretive Release on Climate Change Disclosure
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2010)
The SEC’s new guidance on climate change disclosure covers legislative and regulatory developments, the rapidly growing field of climate litigation, MD&A disclosure of known trends and uncertainties, and physical risks to the registrant and other commercially related entities. The Release also emphasizes the indirect effects of climate change, both on the supply chain and in reputational matters. Its most immediate and lasting consequences, however, may be to bring climate change disclosure directly under the umbrella of the SEC’s integrated disclosure requirements found in Regulation S-K. This has implications for a registrant’s disclosure control procedures as well as requiring some companies to take a new look at their voluntary climate change disclosure.

US Federal Energy and Climate Change legislation: Some Lessons to be Learned from the Waxman-Markey Bill
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2010)
This article analyzes the Waxman-Markey Bill to identify lessons to be learned from past efforts to pass US federal energy and climate change legislation. Overall, the message is that Presidential leadership will be necessary to pass such legislation, which is currently facing both stiff resistance from special interests and complacency from the public. The case for action has to be put more convincingly. One argument that deserves greater attention is that the economic costs of doing nothing are potentially high for important sectors of the U.S. economy. Delaying legislation could leave companies from the United States lagging behind their competitors in the growing global market for new low-carbon services and technologies.

Tariffs and networks regulation in district heating: an introduction
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
The environmental and economic virtues of district heating (DH) and cooling (DHC) are already known in theoretical and empirical literature: lower attention, on the contrary, has been devoted to other, socially relevant, aspects of DHC like the – not really fast – growth and in particular to those aspects related to incentives, property structure and tariff regulation.

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