‘Have we all gone bats?’ – The Strict Protection of Wildlife under the Habitats Directive and Tourism Development: Some Lessons from Ireland
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (11/2010)
The legal protection of species of wildlife under EU law is or should have an increasing impact on tourism developments. It should typically force project modification, relocation or even in some cases project abandonment. Tourism developers are learning about these impacts rather slowly for a variety of reasons. The aim of this article is to provide legal guidance on the likely impact of the protection of species on tourism developments by examining the Irish legal experience of the protection of bats.

Response of spider communities to a large scale bark beetle infestation
© Eigenbeiträge der Autoren (9/2010)
The Aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that the average niche position of spider communities is changing due to openings in the forest through a large scaled bark beetle infestation. The average niche position was divided into the mean shading position and the mean moisture position on a plot, which were predicted to move towards brightness and towards humidity.

Sustainable Development and International (Environmental) Law – Integration vs. Fragmentation
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (8/2010)
Twenty five years ago, the concept of sustainable development was one of the fundamental outcomes of a long and intense discussion about how to continue to live on this planet without destroying it at the same time. Sustainable development is meant to be a “common and mutually supportive objective which takes account of the interrelationships between people, resources, environment, and development.” Its aim is to achieve international and intergenerational justice, and “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

The Regulatory Challenge of Animal Cloning for Food – The Risks of Risk Regulation in the European Union
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2010)
In this article I describe and analyse the current regulatory developments at EU level concerning the marketing of foods produced from cloned animals. As they are on the verge of commercialisation in countries outside the EU, especially in the United States, foods from cloned animals are likely to reach the European consumers in the foreseeable future. Yet at the moment there is no specific legal framework that regulates such products in the EU.

Marine Snow Storms: Assessing the Environmental Risks of Ocean Fertilization
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (12/2009)
The adverse impacts of anthropogenically induced climate change on the terrestrial and marine environments have been acknowledged by a succession of expert reports commissioned by global and national bodies.1 This recognition has prompted a variety of marine geo-engineering schemes to mitigate the detrimental effects of climate change on the environment including enhanced schemes to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere using the world’s oceans.

Marine Biodiversity and Climate Change
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (12/2009)
There is now a general consensus that global warming is real and that one of the factors forcing climate change is the anthropogenic addition of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. The implications of climate change for ecosystems are, however, not yet entirely understood. As the oceans cover 71% of the earth’s surface and play a major role in the global carbon cycle, it is important to understand how a changing climate will affect the biota not only of terrestrial systems, but also of the marine environment.

Taking Adaptation Value Seriously: Designing REDD to Protect Biodiversity
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2009)
The inter-related challenges of climate change and biodiversity loss present serious threats to the future of life on earth, while posing some of the most challenging issues in international law and policy. Climate change will exacerbate biodiversity loss, while continued loss of biodiversity will undermine efforts to adapt to a changing climate. The issues are nowhere more closely linked than in tropical forests, where challenging governance and equity questions have undermined prior international cooperative efforts.

Ecotourism and environment in Greece- a review
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Tourism appears to have a great interaction with the natural environment in the case of Greece. The main reasons that drive tourism in general, are the natural beauties as well as particularities of each landscape. Therefore, in order to keep on being benefited from tourism, policy frameworks should be created and materialized, involving the protection and the preservation of natural wealth.

Biometeorological conditions in burned and adjacent unburned areas in Peloponnese, Greece: The case study of Amalias, Prefecture of Ilia
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
This study aims to evaluate the biometeorological conditions of burned pine forest areas (BPF) from the wildfires of 2007 and adjacent unburned pine forest areas (UPF) which are located (37o 48' N, 21o 23' E, 115-161 m altitude) nearby the city of Amalias, Prefecture of Ilia.

The “spirit of the place” fragility. Principles for the achievement of sustainable touristic development in Greek mountainous areas
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Mountainous areas cover an important part of the Greek territory. Their efficient management is an important challenge and a prerequisite for the prosperity of local communities. These particular areas are quite often in a sensible balance, not only as ecological systems but also on socioeconomic level. The mountainous ecosystems are important for the biodiversity of fauna and flora.

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