MODEL STRATEGY FOR EXAMINATION OF CLOSED LANDFILLS
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Closed landfills take up a considerable amount of space in many countries. Many locations are situated near the edge of cities and villages. In terms of efficient space usage, closed landfills can provide alternative locations for companies, offices, golf courses, city parks or ski runs, for greenhouse farming or the cultivation of forests. However, many closed landfills may also pose a risk to the environment or public health. In order to protect the environment and the public health form the negative consequences of landfills, it is necessary to investigate the potential risks involved and to take appropriate aftercare measures if needed.

MODEL STRATEGY FOR REDEVELOPMENT OF CLOSED LANDFILL
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Landfill redevelopment provides a great opportunity for recovering areas stressed by a kind of use featured by environmental and social impacts. Furthermore redevelopment plays a significant role in efficient land use management acting as a catalyst in sustainable planning: the demand of more room for city growth makes abandoned landfills a sort of “recycled” resource that can upgrade spaces and activities in terms of city form, land value and environment features.

COMUNICATION ABOUT WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANT: A NON TECHNICAL REPORT (N.T.R.) OF MONITORING AND CONTROL PLAN AND PROCEDURES (M.C.P.P.)
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
In the last years the problem about the public concern is increasing. One of this regard how to permit to the general public to know the results of the monitoring and controls. In the In the Province of Verona Monitoring and Control in the waste management plant was made only by Public administration until ’80, than between ’80-’90 also by owner of the plant and from 1997 (according of resolution of the Province of Verona) by an independent inspector. The introduction of independent inspector put the Province of Verona in line with the general international and European standards: for example by the environmental management system (ISO 14.000 and EMAS) and for the “polluter pay principle”.

“TO TEACH A NEW TRICK TO AN OLD DOG” – MANAGING BEHAVIOURAL CHANGES IN CONSUMER WASTE HANDLING IN A MATURE WASTE MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENT
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Up to 1992 MSW management was still using sanitary landfills as the major mean of disposal, the collection being solely the responsibility of the community. Certain quantities of paper and glass were already recovered separately which was organised by communities based on industry demands. Composting was being developed; only two waste incineration plants existed in Austria.

RESIDENTS' ATTITUDE AROUND A WASTE ILLEGAL DISPOSAL SITE
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Recently, the study of the risk communication and the agreement formation to the construction of the infrastructure facilities where the mutual agreements such as waste disposal facilities and the power stations are necessary is advanced. (Sasao et al. 2006) (Kotani et al. 2006) However, empirical data how actual municipality correspondence influences the formation of resident consciousness is a little. In this study, attitude survey for the neighbourhood group on the illegal disposal site of prefectural border. The agreement formation technique is examined noting the relation between the response of the municipality and the consideration formation of the neighbourhood group.

THE ROLE OF THE CITIZEN IN WASTE COLLECTION MANAGEMENT: A STUDY CASE IN ST ILARIO D’ENZA (RE, ITALY)
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The topic of refusals represents one of the most discussed environmental problems because of the immediate impact that provokes on the territory and on its own social organization; in fact, because of the exponential growth of the refusals quantity producted, problems given by collection and wastes of urban solid disposal have an increasing importance. In Italy, for what it concerns this sector, something has change during last years; Parliament has involved more carefully in refusal and waste management, with the principal goal to limit the amount of the final disposal after the recycling process.

PRESCRIBED WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES: ISSUES WITH SITING, PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE AND APPROVALS
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The State of Victoria, Australia proposed the establishment of a long term containment facility (LTCF) for prescribed industrial waste over the period 2004 – 2006. The proposed site was to be at Nowingi, 550 km North West of Melbourne. The Victorian State Government was committed to developing a world class waste management system with a high engineered containment facility, replacing the current hazardous waste landfills located on the outskirts of Melbourne. The proposal was heard by an Independent Inquiry Panel in 2006, who examined the environmental effects statement, the amendment to the local planning scheme, which would have been required if the proposal had gone ahead; and the assessment under the Federal Government’s Environment Protection and Biodiversity Act.

Study of the characteristics of biogasification facilities for planning kitchen-waste management in Japan
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (9/2006)
In Japan, kitchen waste is generally collected as a combustible waste and disposed of by incineration. A small proportion of the kitchen waste is composted. Biogasification, kitchen waste, questionnaire survey, scenario and planning

Guidelines Development on Solid Waste Management in Cambodia
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (9/2006)
SUMMARY: The environmental guidelines on solid waste management in Cambodia is the main achieved result of the implementing two-year (February 2004-February 2006) AsiaProEco project, funded by the European Commission. The title of the project is “Capacity Building and Reinforcement Policy in Cambodia in the Field of Waste Management”. The aims of the project is to support and encourage the Cambodian Ministry of Environment to identify, formulate, and implement environmental policies for the promotion of environmental awareness and good practices among the population and the target groups.

Urban composting in South Africa – sustainability aspects
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (9/2006)
SUMMARY: It is valuable to have other projects to learn from when initiating new composting projects. Some municipal initiatives in composting of solid waste in South Africa were studied, and based on these seven case studies, we aimed to evaluate how composting fulfils the goals of the municipalities. The goals were technological process function, environmental impact, economic sustainability and social policy fulfilment.

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