Waste Incineration Plants – State of the Art
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
The main objective of waste management is to treat solid waste, wastewater and waste air in a sustainable way in order to protect human health and the environment from damage caused by harmful substances. With increasing amounts of waste, besides preventing or limiting the input of pollutants, saving resources has become more and more important.

How to Derive BATAELs from Operational Values for the Waste Incineration BREF Revision? – A Proposal –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
For many years European industrial emissions policy has taken an integrated approach, with the use of Best Available Techniques at its heart. While not originally mandatory, by 2010 the conclusions of the reference document outlining best practice for waste incineration became legally-binding. Now however, those reference documents are to be revised, along with the emission limits they set. How will this be done? This manuscript presents a method to derive BATAELs, detailed further.

Operating Experience from the World´s Largest Waste Fired Circulating Fluidized Bed Reactor in Västerås
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
Valmet Power has a long experience in fluidized bed combustion. Since 1980’s both Bubbling Fluidized Bed (BFB) and Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) boilers have been used in combustion for various types of solid fuels, from fossil fuels to biomass and nowadays more and more for recovered fuels like demolition wood and SRF.

Waste Gasification Technology with Direct Melting for Energy and Material Recovery
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (11/2014)
Gasification of municipal solid waste has been widely researched all over the world and is recognized as an alternative thermal technology for waste treatment. The Direct Melting System is shaft-furnace type gasification and melting technology for various kinds of wastes. It has more than forty references and has been operated for 35 years. This gasification technology is employed to treat municipal solid waste with various kinds of wastes such as sewage sludge, clinical waste or incineration bottom ash and can achieve both the energy and material recovery from waste in one process.

Emissions from Waste-to-Energy in Germany: Development and status today
© Eigenbeiträge der Autoren (11/2013)
“Waste incineration is an ancient technology, the installations are badly polluting the environment and threatening public health” – opinions like these are still common among the general public in Germany, despite the fact that great technological advances have been made and that modern Waste-to-Energy plants now have minimal environmental impacts.

Gasification and Pyrolysis – Reliable Options for Waste Treatment?
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (10/2012)
Future-oriented waste management concepts should combine economic and ecological requirements. Within this context, the pyrolysis or gasification of high calorific waste fractions can, in combination with the existing or newly built power plants and industrial furnaces, offer an alternative technical solution, provided that it is mainly used for selected high calorific waste and waste fuels.

Comparison of Methods for the Treatment of Mixed Municipal Waste from Households
© Wasteconsult international (6/2010)
The aim of the present study was a reliable comparison of two main municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment methods, the biological-thermal way and the thermal-only way. The biological-thermal method includes mechanical pre-treatment to separate the MSW mainly in two fractions, one for composting (undersize fraction) and the other for incineration (oversize fraction), i.e. Solid Recovered Fuel. The subsequent biological and thermal treatments produce compost as a biologically stable product and incineration residues both for disposal in landfills.

System order: Turnkey or lot
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (3/2010)
If a plant should be tendered and ordered in lots or the supply placed with a turnkey contractor is a likely and often held debate. Both alternatives, for which there are many pro’s and con’s, have been successfully executed in numerous projects. Whereby the final decision for one or the other alternative often strongly depends on the person in charge of the individual project. Which experiences these persons have made themselves with either alternative or has been brought to their attention in the phase of their decision making.

Waste Incineration Plants in Connection with Industrial Firms
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (3/2010)
Measured in terms of complete energy consumption, the consumption of energy in industrial firms has an exceptionally high level of significance. Table 1 shows that the consumption of energy in the sector of Industry in the EU25 states accounts for nearly 30 % of all the required energy.

Climate Impacts of Municipal Solid Waste Management Scenarios for Athens, Greece
© Veranstaltergemeinschaft Bilitewski-Faulstich-Urban (3/2010)
Waste management activities and especially disposal of waste in landfills that generates methane (CH4) contribute to global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions approximately by 4% (Bogner et al, 2007). In Greece, the main method of solid waste management remains landfilling; apart from this, 22 Material Recovery Facilities (MRF) are in operation for source segregated recyclables, whereas 2 Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) plants processing residual Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) operate currently in Attica and in Chania (Crete), with 2 new MBT plants in Kefalonia and Herakleion (Crete again) are ready to operate within 2009 (Psomopoulos 2008; HSWMA, 2009).

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