New Waste-to-Energy Facility Energy Works Hull, United Kingdom
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Energy Works Hull (the Project) is a milestone project for the UK’s waste and renewable energy sector. It will be one of the largest gasification facilities receiving MSW in the UK, indeed in Europe. It is one of the first advanced conversion technology Projects to receive its renewable electricity subsidies through a Contract for Difference, the mechanism by which the UK Government determined to move from Renewable Obligation Certificates following its Electricity Market Reform process. It also plays a significant part of the urban regeneration of the City of Hull. The level of community engagement and benefit has resulted in the project receiving a GBP19.9M grant from the European Union’s Regional Development Fund.

Review of the Best Available Techniques Reference Document (BREF) for Waste Incineration – What is the Current Status?
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
The Best Available Techniques Reference Documents (BREF) are a central point of technical environmental protection in Europe. This involves connected to the IED a higher liability of the BREF because they are updated regularly. Even their further implementation and monitoring at the national level were laid down precisely.

Mechanical-Biological Treatment Plant in Hanover, Germany – Experience in Mechanical Processing, Anaerobic Digestion and Refuse Derived Fuel Quality –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
The Hanover mechanical-biological treatment (MBT) plant can look back on 15 years of operator´s experience. The mechanical treatment facility has been working largely without any issues due to the simple technique and the comfortable redundancy and design. The biological treatment facility faces growing damage due to ageing of materials, which is accelerated by microbiological attack, and corrosive and abrasive ingredients in the residual waste. Comprehensive maintenance, renovation and replacement measures are planned.

SNCR for Low NOx Emissions – Case Study of a Swedish Waste-to-Energy Plant –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
All over the world people understand that reducing air pollution is essential to increase health and comfort of people. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are among the main components of pollutants caused by combustion processes. It is toxic by direct contact and it causes acid rain.

Advanced Urban Mining: A Summary of the State of the Art of Metal Recovery out of Dry Bottom Ash
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
The world’s demand for resources will ceaselessly increase in future. This will have a negative impact on availability and price of finite resources. The only way to satisfy the future demand is to minimize the dissipation of the resources during their life-cycle and to close the latter as good as possible. A potential shortage of resources in the future will make the recovery of resources from waste more efficient than their primary production. Another driver towards the minimization of resource dissipation will be the increasingly tighter legislation on environmental protection.

Decentralised Waste Incineration Plant R.Vandhoo in the North of the Maldives - Project Experience, Energy Use and First Operation Results -
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
Environmental pressures in the Maldives raised from the fragile geography of the country coupled with rising population densities, increased tourism and changing consumption patterns. The country faces growing problems with solid waste management and pollution from sewage and other effluents emanating from urban settlements, hotels, fish-processing plants, ships and other sources. The quantities of solid waste generated exceed disposal and treatment capacity. Most wastes are dumped onto the island foreshore and burnet at low combustion temperatures. Uncontrolled waste disposal and floating debris at tourist resorts is the most visible threat to the country´s reputation as a pristine high-end tourist destination.

Flue Gas Treatment – State of the Art
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
For the removal of air pollutants from the flue gas, a flue gas treatment system is required downstream the boiler. Such treatment systems consist of a system of cleaning processes for the reduction of particulate, vapour and gaseous substances in the flue gas.

Possibilities of Development of Municipal Waste Recycling and Incineration in Poland
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
One of the basic rules in the field of waste management is the use of processes which are located as high as possible in the waste hierarchy, while taking into consideration the life cycle thinking. This also applies to municipal waste management. Waste prevention is at the top of the hierarchy. This is followed by: preparation for reuse, recycling and other recovery processes, including thermal treatment (incineration) of waste with energy recovery. The disposal of waste, which includes, among others, landfilling, is at the bottom of the hierarchy. Thus, the objective is to move up the hierarchy, which means moving away from waste disposal towards waste recovery.

Situation and Waste Management Strategy of the Czech Republic and Experience in Planning, Construction and Operation of WtE and SRF Plants
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
Waste utilization has the potential of savings in using fossil fuels. In the Czech Republic, three incinerators of municipal waste are operating currently, there are many projects for implementation of others; unfortunately, they usually fail to succeed due to the economic evaluation. Support for the construction of new facilities for thermal treatment of waste is practically non-existent. Apparently, this could be solved through a number of alternative approaches – combined combustion, processing of sorted waste; however, a conceptual solution is still missing. The article aims to present the current situation and potential for the future.

Thermal Waste Treatment Plant Spittelau – New Construction to the Existing Plant –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
The thermal waste treatment plant Spittelau is steeped in history and tradition. It is one out of four municipal solid waste incinerations plants in Vienna. The plant was built from 1969 until 1971 for the purpose of thermal utilization of municipal waste and household-type commercial waste as well as energy supply of the new General Hospital Vienna two kilometres away via district heating. The plant was equipped with two hot-water boilers to ensure heat supply at all times. Although it is located in the town-centre of Vienna its architectural structure did not differ significantly from the traditional plant structure.

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