How to Derive BATAELs from Operational Values for the Waste Incineration BREF Revision? – A Proposal –

For many years European industrial emissions policy has taken an integrated approach, with the use of Best Available Techniques at its heart. While not originally mandatory, by 2010 the conclusions of the reference document outlining best practice for waste incineration became legally-binding. Now however, those reference documents are to be revised, along with the emission limits they set. How will this be done? This manuscript presents a method to derive BATAELs, detailed further.

Europe leads the world in environmental protectionpolicies, in particular thanks to the Best Available Techniques (BATs) and BATReference Document (BREFs) which seek to minimise industrial activities’environmental impacts through the use of proven techniques and technologies.With the new approach under the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), whereBREFs become legally-binding, the way they are written needs to be adapted.

Withthe ongoing revision of the Waste Incineration (WI) BREF, it is important tonote that the European waste incineration industry already achieves very goodemission results.

Since the mid-1990s, the cornerstone of the Europeanindustrial emissions policy has been an integrated approach. Simply put, it isnot wise to protect an environmental media, such as air, by shifting the burdenelsewhere – for example through greater use of energy or water.

The integratedapproach was outlined in 12 criteria listed in the Integrated Pollution Preventionand Control (IPPC) Directive from 1996. These criteria include for instance theemissions to air and water, the consumption of raw materials, the energyefficiency, the need to prevent risks or accidents and the use of low-wastetechnology.

The IPPC Directive became the leading Europe-wide legislationassessing industrial activities’ impacts while also balancing each industry’sspecific realities and costs related to environmental protection. It broughtthis integrated approach to the permitting process, and all EU industrialinstallations were henceforth required to have an environmental permit tooperate and to implement BATs to reduce their environmental impact, whilehowever stopping short of mandating uniform limits for all industries at theEuropean level. Some sectors, such as waste incineration, were already coveredat a European level and many Member States of the then EU15 had stringentrequirements on other industries.

Identifying these Best Available Techniquesfor various industries was to be laid down at a later stage in BAT ReferenceDocuments, the well-known BREFs.

Copyright: © TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft
Source: Waste Management, Volume 5 (Dezember 2015)
Pages: 14
Price: € 14,00
Autor: Graduated Engineer (ENSTA) Hubert de Chefdebien
Guillaume Perron-Piché

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