A Process for Making Nationally-determined Mitigation Contributions More Ambitious

Based upon the lessons from the current initiatives under the climate regime as well as relevant literature, this paper discuss specific steps and time frames that aim to add ex-ante clarity to nationally determined contributions to climate change mitigation and enhance their levels of ambition. The process proposed has three distinctive features: 1) A consortium of research institutes is established with a view to providing benchmarks to which Parties can refer to when proposing their initial contributions, and against which each Party’s relative contribution to the 2°C target is assessed; 2) To enhance ex-ante clarity and comparability of Parties’ contributions, the consortium also provides a common and clear template for information on mitigation contributions that Parties will complete ex-ante; 3) A limited number of Parties - for example, the G20 member countries - are requested to complete the common template and go through an international consultation process with a view to amending contributions to meet the required aggregate contribution for the 2°C goal.

Recently, negotiations have intensified over a post-2020 framework to address climate change. This framework is applicable to all the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and one of the most contentious issues is how diverse Parties with different national circumstances should contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A decision of the 19th Conference of the Parties (COP 19) to the UNFCCC invited all Parties to initiate or intensify domestic preparation for their nationally determined contributions to mitigate climate change. With a view to facilitating the ex-ante clarity, transparency and understanding of the nationally determined contributions, Parties are also expected to provide information when putting forward their contributions. The content of the information will be identified by COP 20.For such a process of submitting nationally determined contributions to be effective, internationally agreed rules are necessary to enable ex-ante clarity, transparency and understanding of nationally determined contributions, and a process or framework is also necessary to ensure that Parties’ contributions are ambitious as well as equitable. In particular, since the concept of nationally determined contributions is largely a bottom-up approach there is a risk that the sum of Parties’ contributions may not be sufficient to achieve the 2°C goal. Finding a way to increase the level of mitigation contributions submitted in an equitable manner is very challenging.

Copyright: © Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH
Source: Issue 04/2013 (Dezember 2013)
Pages: 11
Price: € 41,65
Autor: Kentaro Tamura
Takeshi Kuramochi
Jusen Asuka

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