The importance of forests in regulating the global climate, particularly as a store and sink of carbon, is widely recognised. Forest protection as a climate mitigation measure has been acknowledged at the international level, and has been an important element of UNFCCC discussions since its inclusion in the Bali Action Plan at the 13th Conference of the Parties in Bali, Indonesia in 2007 (COP 13).3 The REDD debate has developed into its current form, REDD plus,4 which also includes sustainable forest management, conservation and enhancement of carbon stocks in the suite of actions that may be eligible for international funding.
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) has rapidly become a key focus of discussions in the development of a future climate change regime to be agreed at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meetings in Copenhagen. While support for REDD at a general level is high, there remains considerable divergence on detailed issues of implementation. Monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of REDD projects to accurately quantify emissions reductions is a key issue, particularly given that there is limited capacity to undertake MRV at the level required by the international community in the developing countries where REDD projects are intended to take place. This paper discusses the importance of MRV to REDD and the potential of community-based mechanisms to improve capacity, as well as helping to address other contentious issues such as equitable benefit-sharing. The paper will focus on Papua New Guinea (PNG), drawing lessons of applicability to developing countries more generally.
|Copyright:||© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH|
|Source:||Issue 3/2009 (Oktober 2009)|
|Autor:||Kristy Graham |
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„Artenschutz mit der Landwirtschaft – kein Problem?!”
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2010)
Tagung der Stiftung Rheinische Kulturlandschaft in Bonn
Opportunities for Forest Finance: Compliance and Voluntary Markets
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (5/2011)
The implementation of funded afforestation, reforestation, sustainable forest management and avoided deforestation projects in developing countries needs to be increased. Implementation of such projects has the potential to deliver ecological benefits, social benefits and a means for reducing global green house gas emissions.
Erhebliche und nicht erhebliche Beeinträchtigungen im Sinne des Habitat- und Artenschutzes
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (2/2011)
Die Entwicklung in der Rechtsprechung des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts
Towards a new EU Plant Protection Regime – Legal Problems arising out of the Transition with Regard to Regulatory Approvals and Authorisations
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (1/2011)
The plant protection law within the European Union has been continuously developed over the past two decades. Harmonized provisions for the placing of plant protection products on the common market were introduced by Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 19911 (hereinafter the “Directive”). Based on a progress report issued by the Commission under this Directive2, the need for a revision of the Directive was identified which should, in order to ensure consistency throughout the Member States and to provide for simplification, take the form of a regulation.
Ökoeffizienz im Alltag – Innovative Umweltleistungen im KMU
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2010)
Die Klimaerwärmung durch den Ausstoß von Treibhausgasen stellt auch an mittelständische Unternehmungen unmittelbare Ansprüche an den Nachhaltigen Einsatz von Energie und den Schutz von Umweltgütern wie Wasser, Boden, Luft.