Development of Waste-to-Energy Projects

The first objective of waste management must always be to protect society and the health of individuals from harmful substances contained in the waste. Along the various methods around the globe with which waste has been treated the waste pyramid or waste management hierarchy has become widely accepted as the governing principle for waste management in modern societies. These principles have also been integrated in the European waste framework directive 2008/98/EC. At the bottom of the pyramid lays disposal of waste, meaning it is the least favourable option to treat a primary waste. However this does not mean implementing the waste pyramid prohibits disposal. It merely means that before disposal all other meaningful options are exhausted, and the quantity has been minimized.

It is important to note, that all waste-treatment methods by today have a certain fraction, which needs disposal. The goal can only be to minimize this fraction by reasonable and acceptable efforts of the entire society. In order not to violate the first objective – no harm to people – the waste or fraction of the waste, which goes to disposal must best abilized physically and chemically. In Switzerland the waste management plan requires all waste, which shall be disposed, to be earth-crust like. It turned out that the best way to achieve this demanding goal is when waste is afore treated by an incineration plant.

Copyright: © TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft
Source: Waste Management, Volume 6 (September 2016)
Pages: 9
Price: € 9,00
Autor: Trimurti Irzan
Martina de Giovanni
Lukas Schwank

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